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  • Jo Bowyer
    started a topic Ref 5918

    5918

    Cognitive, behavioral, and autonomic correlates of mind wandering and perseverative cognition in major depression

    http://journal.frontiersin.org/artic...00433/abstract

    Autonomic dysregulation has been hypothesized to play a role in the relationships between psychopathology and cardiovascular risk. An important transdiagnostic factor that has been associated with autonomic dysfunction is perseverative cognition (PC), mainly present in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in the form of rumination. As the ability to adaptively let our mind wander without ruminating is critical to mental health, this study aimed to examine the autonomic concomitants of functional vs. dysfunctional intrusive thoughts in MDD. Ambulatory heart rate (HR) and variability (HRV) of 18 MDD subjects and 18 healthy controls were recorded for 24 h. Approximately every 30 min during waking hours subjects reported their ongoing thoughts and moods using electronic diaries. Random regression models were performed. Compared to controls, MDD subjects were more often caught during episodes of PC. In both groups, PC required more effort to be inhibited and interfered more with ongoing activities compared to mind wandering (MW) (ps < 0.0001). This cognitive rigidity was mirrored by autonomic inflexibility, as PC was characterized by lower HRV (p < 0.0001) compared to MW. A worse mood was reported by MDD patients compared to controls, independently of their ongoing cognitive process. Controls, however, showed the highest mood worsening during PC compared to being on task and MW. HRV during rumination correlated with self-reported somatic symptoms on the same day and several dispositional traits. MDD subjects showed lower HRV during sleep, which correlated with hopelessness rumination. Results show that PC is associated with autonomic dysfunctions in both healthy and MDD subjects. Understanding when spontaneous thought is adaptive and when it is not may clarify its role in the etiology of mood disorders, shedding light on the still unexplained association between psychopathology, chronic stress, and risk for health.
    Last edited by Jo Bowyer; 11-12-2016, 02:44 PM.

  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    The case for empathy

    https://aeon.co/essays/a-sophisticat...03867-69418129

    Empathy is not imagining how you might feel in the place of another. It is imagining and trying to understand what the other person feels. The difference between thinking about yourself in another’s situation and thinking about the other person in that situation is simple but profound, requiring well-developed, differentiated mental abilities. Empathy is other-focused, not self-focused. Someone with sociopathic tendencies can ‘read’ other people well and understand their emotions. But a sociopathic person reads others in order to manipulate or take advantage of that person. It is not empathy.

    The building blocks of empathy take shape in infancy and develop through a lifetime of learning. By learning from others, people fully develop empathy. Watching how adults interact can model empathy. So too can simple directions to imagine what another person is feeling.

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    The Depths of Despair Among US Adults Entering Midlife

    https://ajph.aphapublications.org/do...PH.2019.305002

    Although the pronounced increase in death rates among this demographic group has been established, the drivers of this increase are under debate.6,7 Initial research identified suicides, drug overdoses, and alcohol-related liver disease as the causes of death responsible for rising midlife mortality8 and labeled these causes “deaths of despair.”7 Because of the concentration of these deaths among low-educated Whites and in rural areas where economic stagnation has been widely documented, scholars attributed the rise in midlife mortality to a general context of hopelessness and self-destructive behaviors reflecting despair.9,10

    The factors underlying these patterns remain unknown. However, current explanations point to labor market changes driven by globalization and technological change, leading to deteriorating job opportunities, wage stagnation, and declining rates of upward mobility for low-educated individuals.7These economic factors undermined social support by eroding traditional family structures and religious participation, resulting in despair.

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Childhood trauma has lasting effect on brain connectivity in patients with depression

    https://www.sciencedaily.com/release...0408161610.htm

    A study found that childhood trauma is linked to abnormal connectivity in the brain in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD). The paper shows symptom-specific, system-level changes in brain network connectivity in MDD.

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Taking care of Charlie helped one California town nearly halve hospital use

    https://www.statnews.com/2019/04/08/...79ad-151138121

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Acceptance and commitment therapy teaches us how to live a values-driven life even in the face of dark emotions and trauma

    https://aeon.co/essays/how-to-live-a...9582e-69418129


    ACT’s approach to these kinds of thoughts is to attempt to defuse them by being more observant of one’s own thought processes. So rather than Alice thinking ‘I might get attacked again’ and simply living this as her reality, ACT asks her to noticethat she is having a thought about getting attacked again. This might seem like a subtle difference, but it is actually quite powerful. By noticing her own thoughts, Alice increases her ability to make decisions about how to behave in response to them.

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Domestic abuse: the psychology of coercive control remains a legal battlefield

    https://theconversation.com/domestic...%20battlefield​​​​​​​

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Embedding psychology into physiotherapy for low back pain – why is it so difficult to change our minds?

    https://bodyinmind.org/psychology-ma...ody+in+Mind%29

    Leave a comment:


  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Like the chemical process of osmosis, migration is unstoppable

    https://aeon.co/ideas/like-the-chemi...d0dfe-69418129

    This shift of populations isn’t just an ethical or metaphysical dilemma to be resolved at the level of ‘us’ versus ‘them’. It isn’t about the right to own land and enforce borders, or the relative worth of individuals versus groups. Instead, the pressures driving immigration should be seen as natural and unavoidable – like chemical reactions; from that perspective, a reduction in the gradients would be the only possible long-term solution.

    Sadly, most policymakers focus on how to best perpetuate the imbalance. The most popular and immediate reaction is to increase the impermeability of the membranes separating countries. But beefed-up border security or the erection of theoretically insurmountable walls does not take into account the enormous power of desperation. As the British-Somali poet Warsan Shire has written: ‘No one leaves home unless/home is the mouth of a shark.’
    I have Viking genes, so may be descended from aggressors as far as the UK is concerned. As hominids evolved in Africa, many of us are descended from migrants. I work in London, a world city and have met many travellers from all over the world, most are financially secure, others are funded by those who have taken an interest in their welfare. Currently there is serious interest in interplanetary travel. I doubt that it will happen in my lifetime, but I'd love to see how it develops.

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Gender differences in the impact of retirement on depressive symptoms among middle-aged and older adults: A propensity score matching approach

    https://journals.plos.org/plosone/ar...l.pone.0212607

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Understanding body signals could be a key factor in eating disorders

    https://theconversation.com/understa...ign_monitor_uk

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  • drcph
    commented on 's reply
    Thank you, Jo. Yes, it's given me a whole different level of connection - and credibility - from the young ones to the elders. And bearing internal witness to how my brain was trying to figure things out.. fascinating.

  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Slow physiotherapy

    https://criticalphysio.net/2019/02/2...ysiotherapy-2/

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Mind the body (3) What is the experience of bodily ownership?

    http://philosophyofbrains.com/2019/0...ownership.aspx

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  • Jo Bowyer
    commented on 's reply
    "life long challenge", but I bet it gives you an edge as a practitioner, who can bring something profound to the treatment experience!
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