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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Psychologists Define the ‘Dark Core of Personality’

    https://neurosciencenews.com/persona...ark-core-9919/



    Ingo Zettler, Professor of Psychology at the University of Copenhagen, and two German colleagues, Morten Moshagen from Ulm University and Benjamin E. Hilbig from the University of Koblenz-Landau, have demonstrated how this common denominator is present in nine of the most commonly studied dark personality traits:
    • Egoism: an excessive preoccupation with one’s own advantage at the expense of others and the community
    • Machiavellianism: a manipulative, callous attitude and a belief that the ends justify the means
    • Moral disengagement: cognitive processing style that allow behaving unethically without feeling distress
    • Narcissism: excessive self-absorption, a sense of superiority, and an extreme need for attention from others
    • Psychological entitlement: a recurring belief that one is better than others and deserves better treatment
    • Psychopathy: lack of empathy and self-control, combined with impulsive behaviour
    • Sadism: a desire to inflict mental or physical harm on others for one’s own pleasure or to benefit oneself
    • Self-interest: a desire to further and highlight one’s own social and financial status
    • Spitefulness: destructiveness and willingness to cause harm to others, even if one harms oneself in the process

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Religion is about emotion regulation, and it’s very good at it

    https://aeon.co/ideas/religion-is-ab...3fb17-69418129

    Religion does not help us to explain nature. It did what it could in pre-scientific times, but that job was properly unseated by science.
    Pope John Paul II declared in 1996 that evolution is a fact and Catholics should get over it.
    While Freud and Durkheim were right about the important functions of religion, its true value lies in its therapeutic power, particularly its power to manage our emotions. How we feel is as important to our survival as how we think. Our species comes equipped with adaptive emotions, such as fear, rage, lust and so on: religion was (and is) the cultural system that dials these feelings and behaviours up or down.
    Emotional therapy is the animating heart of religion. Social bonding happens not only when we agree to worship the same totems, but when we feel affection for each other. An affective community of mutual care emerges when groups share rituals, liturgy, song, dance, eating, grieving, comforting, tales of saints and heroes, hardships such as fasting and sacrifice. Theological beliefs are bloodless abstractions by comparison.

    Emotional management is important because life is hard. The Buddha said: ‘All life is suffering’ and most of us past a certain age can only agree. Religion evolved to handle what I call the ‘vulnerability problem’. When we’re sick, we go to the doctor, not the priest. But when our child dies, or we lose our home in a fire, or we’re diagnosed with Stage-4 cancer, then religion is helpful because it provides some relief and some strength. It also gives us something to do, when there’s nothing we can do.
    When my husband was in the hospice, he was asked if he wanted to see the vicar, he wasn't sure, but I said "Oh do! You can have a lovely argument with him." The Hospice was non denominational and all clergy were excellent at having a chat with anyone who accepted a visit. For those who wanted doctrine, it was available.

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Efficacy of popular stress management techniques depend on perspective

    https://www.sciencedaily.com/release...0924102858.htm



    Spontaneous self-distancing refers to people's tendencies to take a distanced versus an immersed perspective when considering their own experiences, especially their own emotionally laden experiences.

    To be self-immersed is to see an experience through your own eyes. It's a first-person perspective. Self-distancing, meantime, is a third-person perspective. It's like watching something as a bystander.

    For people who tend to self-distance, the study's findings suggest that after experiencing awe, personal obstacles associated with a stressful situation seem insignificant compared to the vastness of the awe-inspiring experience. However, those who self-immerse are more likely to see their capabilities, not their obstacles, as insignificant after awe, a perception that can make a stressor seem unmanageable.

    The findings represent an important step toward understanding how people can better cope with stressful events and how popular stress management strategies, whether appealing to the sacred or sublime, depend on the underlying processes to work.

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Evidence that addictive behaviors have strong links with ancient retroviral infection

    https://www.sciencedaily.com/release...0924174503.htm

    The integration of the virus predates the emergence of modern humans, as it has been found in Neanderthal and Denisovan genomes, and therefore it is not the behaviour of PWIDs that determines the presence of the virus. Rather, it is likely that the virus is associated with addictive behaviour. Not all PWIDs carry this virus so there will be many other genetic and behavioural factors involved, but this is an important predictive factor in addiction. Furthermore the researchers' experimental work supports a causal role in the expression of RASGRF2 and hence addiction.

    By providing support for a strong genetic predisposition of addictive behaviour, the Oxford research team advocates in support of medical-pharmacological interventions in support of addicts. Their study shows that new sequencing technologies and large genomic projects such as the 100,000 genomes project will deliver enhanced understanding of genetic features that were previously not well-understood.

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Not just shellshock: we have accounts of PTSD in warfare from Homer to the Middle Ages

    https://theconversation.com/not-just...0Middle%20Ages

    Leave a comment:


  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Why the sexual objectification of men isn’t just a bit of fun

    https://theconversation.com/why-the-...bit%20of%20fun

    Leave a comment:


  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Stop working on your commute – it doesn’t benefit anyone

    https://theconversation.com/stop-wor...nefit%20anyone

    I'm self employed and do about 7 hours CPD a day which I need to do as a generalist. The one time I don't work is when commuting, I try to get all the puzzles done in the paper and look out of the train window, it's one of my favourite times of the day.

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    It’s All in the Eyes: Amygdala’s Role in the Experience and Perception of Fear

    https://neurosciencenews.com/amygdala-eye-fear-9722/

    I remember the days when post op pain control was woefully inadequate, especially with regards to paediatric patients.

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    How sheds can help men stave off loneliness after retirement – according to our new research

    https://theconversation.com/how-shed...new%20research

    Leave a comment:


  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Angry People May Not Be as Smart as They Think

    https://neurosciencenews.com/anger-i...cissists-9695/

    Summary:
    Researchers report those with trait anger, those who get angry as a disposition, are more likely to overestimate their intelligence level. Interestingly, researchers say, trait anger is linked to grandiose narcissism.

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Language: ‘untranslatable’ words tell us more about English speakers than other cultures

    https://theconversation.com/language...her%20cultures

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Team GB star’s death and the pressured world of elite sport

    https://theconversation.com/team-gb-...0elite%20sport

    There’s no denying that being a world class athlete must come with an enormous amount of pressure.
    These accounts have increased awareness of a culture in sport, which places focus on short-term performance at the expense of all else. A culture where the pressures to succeed can have detrimental effects on mental well-being.

    I was a travelling physio for 25 years and to a certain extent, a temporary Mum. Everyone knew that they were there on merit, if the performance indicators dropped, that was it, you were gone. This is particularly hard for a young person who has given everything they have to their sport.

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    Narcissism and self-esteem: A nomological network analysis

    http://journals.plos.org/plosone/art...l.pone.0201088


    Abstract


    Similarity between narcissism and self-esteem seems intuitive, as both capture positive perceptions of the self. In the current undertaking, we provide a broad comparison of the nomological networks of grandiose narcissism and explicit self-esteem. Pooling data from 11 existing samples (N = 4711), we compared the relations of narcissism and self-esteem to developmental experiences, individual differences, interpersonal functioning, and psychopathology. Both constructs are positively related to agentic traits and assertive interpersonal approaches, but differ in relation to agreeableness/communion. Self-esteem emerged as a wholly adaptive construct negatively associated with internalizing psychopathology and generally unrelated to externalizing behaviors. Unlike self-esteem, narcissism was related to callousness, grandiosity, entitlement, and demeaning attitudes towards others that likely partially explain narcissism’s links to maladaptive outcomes.

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  • Jo Bowyer
    replied
    A New Model For How Brain Reward Response May Impact Anorexia

    https://neurosciencenews.com/reward-...anorexia-9617/

    Leave a comment:


  • Jo Bowyer
    commented on 's reply
    Anxiety and the severity of Tension-Type Headache mediate the relation between headache presenteeism and workers’ productivity

    http://journals.plos.org/plosone/art...l.pone.0201189
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