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  • How Depression Affects Your Thinking Skills

    https://neurosciencenews.com/depress...g-skills-9297/
    Jo Bowyer
    Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
    "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

    Comment


    • Biopsychosocial factors associated with non-recovery after a minor transport-related injury: A systematic review

      http://journals.plos.org/plosone/art...l.pone.0198352

      This review demonstrates the complexity of recovery and a challenge in reporting on predictors of recovery. It is evident that a range of multi-factorial biopsychosocial factors impact recovery. These factors are often inter-connected and multi-faceted and therefore, it was not feasible to select or focus on one single factor. In defining the most predictive factors, further research is required, yet the consensus around which tools to use to measure recovery outcomes is needed and is highly recommended. Regardless of the descriptive nature, the review demonstrated that high levels of post-injury pain are associated with poorer outcomes such as chronic pain and physical and mental disability. Therefore, early targeting of modifiable factors such as pain, pain catastrophizing and arising comorbidities such as PTSD, depression and anxiety may assist in reducing chronic pain and ongoing related disabilities.
      Jo Bowyer
      Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
      "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

      Comment


      • What drugs are students taking and why are they taking them?

        https://theconversation.com/what-dru...0taking%20them
        Jo Bowyer
        Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
        "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

        Comment


        • A scoping review of biopsychosocial risk factors and co-morbidities for common spinal disorders

          http://journals.plos.org/plosone/art...l.pone.0197987

          Spinal disorders should be considered as components of a more complex biopsychosocial model of health and not in isolation. Population-based studies have suggested that some spinal conditions may be associated with health behaviors, such as smoking [3, 4], high body mass index [5, 6], and insufficient physical activity [7], and with more general health co-morbidities such as anxiety, depression, diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, respiratory problems, and gastrointestinal diseases [8, 9]. Some spinal disorders, such as osteopenia, osteomalacia, and tuberculosis, are affected by factors such as nutrition, living conditions and other psychosocial elements. These disorders are related to comorbidities that are also systemic, such as endocrine disorders and infection. Coexistence of two or more conditions, especially over a long period of time, have been associated with lower quality of life, poorer functional status, and increased utilization of health care [
          Jo Bowyer
          Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
          "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

          Comment


          • WHY OUR BRAINS SEE THE WORLD AS “US” VERSUS “THEM”

            https://neurosciencenews.com/neuroscience-bias-9431/
            Jo Bowyer
            Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
            "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

            Comment


            • In the Brain, Dislike and Dehumanization Are Not the Same Thing

              https://neurosciencenews.com/dislike...on-brain-9434/

              During the past week, the news has brought us difficult images and sounds: Migrant and refugee children huddled in steel cages. Children and parents wailing as they are torn apart by American agents. Detention buses filled with infant car seats.

              The majority of Americans oppose the policy of separating families at the border, but a substantial percentage have no problem with it. “How is that possible?” many wonder. “These are human beings.”
              Jo Bowyer
              Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
              "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

              Comment


              • Human Listeners Can Accurately Judge Strength and Height Relative to Self from Aggressive Roars and Speech

                https://www.sciencedirect.com/scienc...89004218300579 Summary

                Although animal vocalizations and human speech are known to communicate physical formidability, no previous study has examined whether human listeners can assess the strength or body size of vocalizers relative to their own, either from speech or from nonverbal vocalizations. Here, although men tended to underestimate women's formidability, and women to overestimate men's, listeners judged relative strength and height from aggressive roars and aggressive speech accurately. For example, when judging roars, male listeners accurately identified vocalizers who were substantially stronger than themselves in 88% of trials, and never as weaker. For male vocalizers only, roars functioned to exaggerate the expression of threat compared to aggressive speech, as men were rated as relatively stronger when producing roars. These results indicate that, like other mammals, the acoustic structure of human aggressive vocal signals (and in particular roars) may have been selected to communicate functional information relevant to listeners' survival.
                When I was working in Judo, I was fascinated by the roaring accompanied by chest baring done by male gold medalists, interestingly, these guys were also very kind and helpful off the mat.
                Jo Bowyer
                Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                Comment


                • The Problem with Solving Problems

                  https://neurosciencenews.com/problem-solving-9484/

                  Although it’s far from perfect by virtually any measure – whether poverty rates, violence, access to education, racism and prejudice or any number of others – the world continues to improve. Why, then, do polls consistently show that people believe otherwise?
                  Jo Bowyer
                  Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                  "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                  Comment


                  • As asylum requests rise, doctors have important role

                    https://www.sciencedaily.com/release...0628131113.htm
                    Jo Bowyer
                    Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                    "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                    Comment


                    • 40 Genes Associated with Aggression Identified

                      https://neurosciencenews.com/aggression-genetics-9533/

                      Violence: government, communities, and individuals can change the situation worldwide

                      “The 20st century will be remembered as the century of violence. Many people live with it daily and regard it as something consubstantial to the human condition, but it is not so. We can avoid it. Governments, communities and individuals can change the situation”, said Nelson Mandela, politician and Nobel Peace Prize awardee in 1993, in the world report on violence and health of the World Health Organization (WHO, 2002). In 2014, the WHO report on the world situation regarding prevention of violence quoted Nelson Mandela’s words and called all countries to improve preventive measures against violent behaviours. In this world scenario, facing a problem that affects all the layers of society, scientific research will become more and more important in the knowledge of the basis of antisocial behaviours and the improvement of the prevention of episodes of violence and aggressiveness in the 21st century society.
                      Jo Bowyer
                      Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                      "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                      Comment


                      • Wanting to live a ‘normal-perfect’ life is making women unhealthy

                        https://theconversation.com/wanting-...en%20unhealthy
                        Jo Bowyer
                        Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                        "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                        Comment


                        • Do psychedelics give access to a universal, mystical experience of reality, or is that just a culture-bound illusion?

                          https://aeon.co/essays/is-psychedeli...9d7bc-69418129
                          Jo Bowyer
                          Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                          "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                          Comment


                          • Social preferences under chronic stress

                            http://journals.plos.org/plosone/art...l.pone.0199528

                            Chronic stress is a pervasive and growing concern in the modern world. It is generally measured using self-report measures, especially the TICS [1, 2]. Stemming from work or family conditions, it affects more and more adults, their life quality, their health-related behaviors and sleeping patterns, and it even translates onto the behavior of their children [3]. However, chronic stress not only affects the health of individuals [4], but might also affect cognitive mechanisms and decision-making processes. The vast majority of decisions are made in social contexts [5]. If chronic stress influences social decisions, this could consequently affect interpersonal relationships. Despite its importance, the cognitive effects of chronic stress have not been systematically investigated; neither at the individual level, nor in social situations. This paper is a first step towards a better understanding of the effects of chronic stress on social decisions.
                            Jo Bowyer
                            Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                            "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                            Comment


                            • Patient empowerment in young persons with chronic conditions: Psychometric properties of the Gothenburg Young Persons Empowerment Scale (GYPES)

                              http://journals.plos.org/plosone/art...l.pone.0201007

                              The increase of people living with chronic conditions has compelled society to develop and implement strategies that promote collaboration between patients and healthcare professionals, and which provide the patients with an active role in their care [1, 2]. In order to accomplish this, the World Health Organization, amongst others, has advocated including patient empowerment in healthcare policy development [3]. Patient empowerment is a concept that stems from social sciences. When it was introduced in healthcare, the aim of enhancing patient empowerment was to increase patients’ autonomy and participation in care [4].

                              In the literature, several definitions and attributes of empowerment are described [4, 5]. Some authors considered it to be: “the capacity individuals have to become responsible for their own health” [6]; “a complex process of change guided by self-determination” [7]; or “a social process where the patients’ abilities to feel in control of their own lives are enhanced” [8]. Even though there are several definitions of empowerment, some of them are not theoretically grounded, or the distinction with other concepts (i.e. self-management) is unclear [7].

                              Important theoretical developments and empirical underpinnings have been made by Small and co-workers [9]. They defined empowerment as “an enabling process or outcome arising from communication with the health care professional and a mutual sharing of resources over information relating to illness, which enhances the patients’ feelings of control, self-efficacy, coping abilities and ability to achieve change over their condition” [9]. Based on qualitative research they also developed a conceptual model proposing that empowerment comprises five dimensions: 1) identity; 2) knowledge and understanding; 3) personal control; 4) shared-decision making; and 5) enabling others (i.e. peers with similar conditions) [9].

                              A particular group of patients with chronic conditions are young persons with childhood-onset diseases. Patient empowerment is highly relevant in this group because through patient empowerment, young persons with chronic conditions can develop psychosocial skills (e.g. goal-setting, stress management, problem-solving), actively participate in care, and become aware of the need to remain in follow-up [6, 7].
                              Jo Bowyer
                              Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                              "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                              Comment


                              • A New Model For How Brain Reward Response May Impact Anorexia

                                https://neurosciencenews.com/reward-...anorexia-9617/
                                Jo Bowyer
                                Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                                "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                                Comment

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