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  • Psychographics: the behavioural analysis that helped Cambridge Analytica know voters’ minds

    https://theconversation.com/psychogr...voters%20minds

    There have traditionally been two routes to ascertaining someone’s personality. You can either get to know them really well – usually over an extended time. Or you can get them to take a personality test and ask them to share it with you.
    Behavioural analytics and psychographic profiling are here to stay, no matter what becomes of Cambridge Analytica – which has robustly criticised what it calls “false allegations in the media”. In a way it industrialises what good salespeople have always done, by adjusting their message and delivery to the personality of their customers.
    Jo Bowyer
    Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
    "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

    Comment


    • Adjunctive nutrients in first‐episode psychosis: A systematic review of efficacy, tolerability and neurobiological mechanisms

      https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/...1111/eip.12544

      Nutritional deficiencies are recognized as a risk‐factor for various psychiatric disorders (Sarris, Logan, et al., 2015). People with schizophrenia generally have low‐quality diets (Dipasquale et al., 2013) and a spectrum of nutritional deficiencies, even from illness onset (Firth, Carney, et al., 2017). Furthermore, reduced levels of vitamins and polyunsaturated fatty‐acids (PUFAS) are associated with various adverse outcomes in FEP; including greater symptom severity, reduced neural integrity and neurocognitive impairments (Firth, Carney, et al., 2017; Graham et al., 2015; Shivakumar et al., 2015).

      Certain food‐derived nutrients have been shown to provide effective adjunctive treatment for patients with long‐term schizophrenia. For instance, a double‐blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) in 2008 showed that 2000 mg per day of the amino‐acid “n‐acetylcysteine” (NAC) significantly reduced negative symptoms in patients with established illness (Berk et al., 2008). This finding was replicated by an independent research group in 2013 (Farokhnia et al., 2013). Additionally, our previous meta‐analysis found that adjunctive treatment with high‐dose B‐vitamins significantly reduced total psychiatric symptoms among 297 long‐term patients in 7 different studies (Firth, Stubbs, et al., 2017). The potential beneficial effects of B‐vitamins in schizophrenia has recently been confirmed by Roffman et al. (2017), who reported reductions in total and negative symptom scores from adjunctive treatment with 15 mg daily of “l‐methylfolate” (vitamin B9), along with significantly improved brain structure and connectivity after 12 weeks of treatment.

      Although focused on long‐term schizophrenia, we previously found that vitamins had larger effects in patients with shorter illness duration, and those requiring lower doses of antipsychotic medications (Firth, Stubbs, et al., 2017); indicating that the benefits of vitamin supplementation may be more pronounced in early stages of psychosis. Additionally, inflammation and oxidative stress are highest in early illness (Flatow, Buckley, & Miller, 2013; Miller, Buckley, Seabolt, Mellor, & Kirkpatrick, 2011), and may drive the neurocognitive abnormalities which arise during this time (Mondelli et al., 2011). Thus, FEP may be the ideal timeframe for administering antioxidant/anti‐inflammatory nutrients as adjunctive treatments to counteract adverse neurobiological processes implicated in schizophrenia; thus reducing the likelihood of enduring symptoms and cognitive dysfunction (Chaudhry et al., 2012; Meyer, Schwarz, & Müller, 2011).

      Despite the promising indications for various nutrients in FEP, the evidence for using nutrients as an adjunctive treatment for improving outcomes in this patient group has yet to be systematically evaluated. Therefore, we aimed to identify all existing RCTs of adjunctive nutrient‐based treatments in FEP, and systematically evaluate the evidence in this area. Specifically, we aimed to (1) determine the efficacy of nutrient‐based adjunctive treatments for improving patient outcomes, (2) explore the underpinning mechanisms of action by examining effects on brain volume and other biomarkers in FEP and (3) report on tolerability/adverse side‐effects of nutrient treatments.
      Jo Bowyer
      Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
      "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

      Comment


      • Stopping exercise can increase symptoms of depression

        https://www.sciencedaily.com/release...0322112720.htm
        Jo Bowyer
        Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
        "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

        Comment


        • Facial Displays Are Tools for Social Influence

          https://www.sciencedirect.com/scienc...64661318300299

          Highlights

          Like non-human animal signals, human facial displays are an important way that we regulate our social interactions, whether they are in public or in private, and whether our ‘interactants’ are real or fantasied people, non-human animals, virtual agents, or even inanimate objects toward which we attribute agency.

          Facial displays are not fixed, semantic read-outs of internal states such as emotions or intentions, but flexible tools for social influence. Facial displays are not about us, but about changing the behavior of those around us.

          The behavioral ecology view of facial displays (BECV) is an externalist and functionalist approach to facial behavior that reconceives it as signaling contingent social action.
          Jo Bowyer
          Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
          "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

          Comment


          • Jo Bowyer
            Jo Bowyer commented
            Editing a comment
            How lucky am I as an autistic person to have a neurotypical daughter who works with autistic adults! After much nagging, my facial displays are apparently becoming more user friendly. I see a lot of autistic patients with NMSK comorbidities and had an interesting discussion with one yesterday about body language and how to operate as a stranger in a strange land.

        • Robot cities: three urban prototypes for future living

          https://theconversation.com/robot-ci...uture%20living

          There is an urban farm growing salads within yards of my London practice in one of the WW2 deep underground shelters.
          Jo Bowyer
          Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
          "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

          Comment


          • The Neural Circuitry of Parental Behavior

            http://neurosciencenews.com/parental-behavior-8764/
            Jo Bowyer
            Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
            "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

            Comment


            • Childhood Aggression Linked to Deficits in Executive Function

              http://neurosciencenews.com/executiv...gression-8762/
              Jo Bowyer
              Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
              "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

              Comment


              • Digital Addiction Increases Loneliness, Anxiety and Depression

                http://neurosciencenews.com/anxiety-...ddiction-8765/
                Jo Bowyer
                Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                Comment


                • Just one in five people will be lucky enough to avoid mental health problems throughout their life. How do they do it?

                  https://aeon.co/essays/why-do-the-te...45306-69418129
                  Jo Bowyer
                  Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                  "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                  Comment


                  • Neuroscience is unlocking mysteries of the teenage brain

                    https://theconversation.com/neurosci...eenage%20brain
                    Jo Bowyer
                    Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                    "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                    Comment


                    • Female doctors show more empathy, but at a cost to their mental well-being

                      https://theconversation.com/female-d...l%20well-being
                      Jo Bowyer
                      Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                      "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                      Comment


                      • How does food addiction influence dietary intake profile?

                        http://journals.plos.org/plosone/art...l.pone.0195541


                        Abstract


                        This study aimed to investigate whether there was any difference in eating pattern, abnormal eating behaviour, obesity and the number of food addiction symptoms according to food addiction presence. A total sample of 851 healthy subjects living in Ankara (n = 360 male, n = 491 female) aged 19–65 years were included in this cross-sectional survey. Data on demographic information, 24-hour dietary recalls, Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), and anthropometric measurements were collected through face-to-face interviews. Overall, 11.4% of participants were identified as “food addicted” (F: 13.0%; M: 9.2%). Subjects meeting criteria for ‘food addiction' had higher body mass index (35.1% were obese and 3.1% were underweight), compared to subjects without food addiction (13.1% were obese and 10.2% were underweight) (p<0.05). Abnormal eating attitudes estimated with EAT-26 were determined as 45.5% in males, 37.5% in females and 40.2% in total, among subjects with food addiction. Daily energy, protein and fat intakes were significantly higher in food addicted females, compared to non-addicted females (p<0.05). Participants with food addiction reported significantly more problems with foods, which contain high amounts of fat and sugar, compared to the participants without food addiction. Food addiction behaviour should be considered as a part of efforts towards reducing food related problems involving obesity.
                        Jo Bowyer
                        Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                        "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                        Comment


                        • Mental distress and perceived wealth, justice and freedom across eight countries: The invisible power of the macrosystem

                          http://journals.plos.org/plosone/art...l.pone.0194642
                          Jo Bowyer
                          Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                          "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                          Comment


                          • How your mind, under stress, gets better at processing bad news

                            https://aeon.co/ideas/how-your-mind-...d5c7e-69418129
                            Jo Bowyer
                            Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                            "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                            Comment


                            • Love hurts: Spats with spouse may worsen chronic pain, other symptoms

                              https://www.sciencedaily.com/release...0515131553.htm
                              Jo Bowyer
                              Chartered Physiotherapist Registered Osteopath.
                              "Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi

                              Comment

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